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Direct Method Summary March 13, 2010

Posted by gilangkanigara in Bahasa Inggris.
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The Direct Method has several important points, there are:

  1. This approach was developed initially as a reaction to the grammar-translation approach in an attempt to integrate more use of the target language in instruction.
  2. The goal of this method is to enable the students to speak/communicate in target language.
  3. Lessons begin with a dialogue using a modern conversational style in the target language.
  4. Material is first presented orally with actions or pictures.
  5. The mother language is never used. Therefore, there is no translation.
  6. The preferred type of exercise is a series of questions in the target language based on the dialogue of an anecdotal narrative.
  7. In this method, teacher emphasizes listening first.
  8. Students mimic the teacher.
  9. Mistakes made by students are allowed.
  10. Questions are answered in the target language.
  11. Grammar is taught inductively. Rules are generalized from practice and experience with the target language.
  12. Verbs are used first and systematically conjugated much later after some oral mastery of the target language.
  13. Advanced students read literature for comprehension and pleasure.
  14. Literary texts are not analyzed grammatically.
  15. The culture associated with the target language is also taught inductively.
  16. Culture is considered an important aspect of learning the language.

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